Water handling equipment

Hose is used to get the water to the fire but there are many related parts that help get the water through the hose and direct it onto the fire. These include valves to control the flow, adaptors to connect hose, nozzles to direct the stream, portable tanks to hold water where a piped source isn't available and portable pumps to pump water where fire engines can't drive. 

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Piston valve

The side intakes of a pumper go directly into the pump. Many departments add an external valve such as this to make connections easier.

 

Valves

5" butterfly valve, and 5" to 2.5" gated wye.

 

Valves

Another view.

 

Adaptors

1.5" and 2.5" double male adaptors, double female adaptors and a 2.5" to 1.5" reducer. 

 

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Adaptors

5" to 2.5" wye, 2.5" to 5" Stortz increaser, 5" Stortz to 5" threaded adaptor. 

 

Manifold

This is a manifold or portable hydrant. It has 5" Stortz connections on either end and four 2.5" gated discharges. 

 

Manifold

Another view. Manifolds can be used to allow a pumper to supply water in a controlled fashion to a remote point, basically creating an above ground water system.

 

 Wye

5" to 2.5" wye

 

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Wye

1.5" gated wye, and 1" gated wye.

 

Hose jacket

This device can be used to provide a temporary fix for a leaking hose.

 

Hose clamp

Hose clamps can be used to stop the flow of water in hose up to 3" in diameter.

 

Foam eductor

This is a device used to add foam into a hose line for pumpers that don't have a built in foam system. Foam is used to fight flammable liquid fires.

 

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Nozzles

1.5" combination fog nozzles.

 

Nozzles

1.5" and 1" combination fog nozzles. 

 

Nozzles

1.5" combination fog nozzles, one with a pistol grip, one without.

 

Nozzles

2.5" combination fog nozzles.

 

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Nozzles

2.5" combination breakaway nozzle with a pistol grip. The combination fog tip can be removed leaving a smoothbore tip. The small twin tip nozzle is a 1" forestry nozzle, one side provides a short range fog spray, the other side has a longer reach solid stream.

 

Nozzles

2.5" combination fog nozzle on a play-pipe (dual handles), and a 1.5" combination fog nozzle with a pistol grip.

 

Nozzle

2.5" smoothbore nozzle with a play-pipe (handles). 

 

Nozzle

2.5" combination fog nozzle with a play-pipe (handles).

 

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Nozzles

1.5" smoothbore nozzles, one with a pistol grip on without. These nozzles can be used with a 1/2" tip or a 15/16" tip.

 

Nozzles

2.5" smoothbore nozzles. These nozzles can be used with a 1/2" tip or a 1 1/8" tip.

 

Nozzle

These are combination fog nozzles with a clamp on foam agitator used when foam is applied. It has a screen inside the tube which helps mix air into the foam and water mixture.

 

Nozzle

This is an antique smooth bore nozzle.

 

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Nozzle

1" foam nozzle. This nozzle has a screen inside the tube to agitate the foam and water mixture.

 

Nozzles

Foam nozzle, and a distributor or cellar nozzle. The silver nozzle is a cellar nozzle, the light colored part spins around. This nozzle is generally inserted through a hole near the fire when the fire area is inaccessible. 

 

Wildland Nozzles

Twin tip forester nozzle and a mop up wand. The long wand can be attached to the forester nozzle to allow better access into stump holes or up inside burned out trees. The long blue device is another style of foam nozzle. Also a 1.5" and 1" gated wye. 

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Ejector, gizmo and check valve

The ejector is similar in appearance to the foam eductor, but is is used to supply water. It uses the venturi principle to add water to the water pumped through the ejector. Almost 2 gallons are added for each gallon passing through the ejector. It is most commonly used to refill an engine when there is no suitable drafting spot available.

 

Ejector, gizmo and check valve

The ejector is shown here with the one way valve and strainer removed. The gizmo or inline shut off is the small silver device. It is used to reduce water flow in a hose, this is helpful in long downhill hoselays where pressure can quickly build up due to gravity. The check and bleeder valve is used to reduce the back pressure on a pump when pumping up steep hills.

 

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Portable monitor

Portable monitors provide are used to provide large volumes of water or to allow water to be applied where it is too dangerous to leave a firefighter.

 

Portable monitor

Another view. This is a modern monitor, it is lighter in weight and more compact than older monitors.

 

Portable monitor

This is an older portable monitor but these are still very common, they are often mounted on top of an engine allowing them to be quickly used from the engine, or removed and used at a remote location. 

 

Portable monitor

Another view of the same monitor. Monitors typically have two or three 2.5" intakes for the supply hoses.  

 

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Portable monitor

Another style of portable monitor. This one has a combination fog tip. Most monitors have removable tips allowing fog or solid streams depending on the need.

 

Portable tank

This is a folding portable tank to create a water source where one doesn't exist. This particular tank can hold 2500 gallons.

 

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Mark 3 Portable pump

Portable pumps are often used in rural areas with poor water systems, they are particularly common on wildland fires. The Mark 3 uses a fairly large 2 stroke engine and is capable of providing more pressure than most portable pumps, a useful feature in mountainous terrain.

 

Mark 3 Portable pump

This is a very common portable pump used for wildland fires. It was first sold by Pacific Marine so it is sometimes called a P-marine. The Mark 3 has been in use since the late 40's and is still very common today. 

 

Mark 3 Portable pump

At 55 lbs it is one of the heavier portable pumps found in common use. A padded pack frame is available to make it easier to hike the pump into remote locations. These pumps are often used in the wilderness by smokejumpers and helitack crews 

 

Mark 3 Portable pump

Here is the pump with its fuel can, fuel line and a pump kit. The pump kit typically includes tools, spare parts, a 1.5" suction hose and assorted hose fittings. 

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Honda pump

This is a small portable pump powered by a Honda 4 stroke motor. It is much lighter than the Mark 3. The four stroke motor does not require special gas and is much quieter than 2 stroke motors. 

 

Honda pump

Another view of the Honda. While small pumps like this are not as powerful as a Mark 3 they are approximately 1/3 the weight and much easier to operate.

 

Wickman pump

This is another small portable pump, but it uses a 2 stroke engine. It is similar in performance to the Honda but is slightly smaller and lighter. It also requires mixed fuel and is noisier.

Wickman pump

Another view. Unlike the Mark 3 most small portable pumps have a built in gas tank. A kit is available to allow this pump to use a 5 gallon fuel can like the one used with the Mark 3.

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Floating pump

This is a floating portable pump. It can be dropped into a static water source such as a pond or swimming pool. This pump is also available with a smaller ground mount instead of the floatation collar.

 

Floating pump

This is a larger floating pump. Most portable pumps have a 1.5" discharge, this pump has a 2.5" discharge.

 

Floating pump

Another view.

 

Floating pump

Another view.

 

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Portable pump

This is an older portable pump. In addition to their use on fires pumps like this are also used to pump out flooded buildings.

 

Portable pump

Another view.

 

Homelite Portable pump

This is another older pump. This is a larger pump made by Homelite. This pump has a 2.5" discharge which is unusual on a portable pump. 

 

Homelite Portable pump

Another view of the pump.

 

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Portable pump

This is another small portable pump.

 

Old Portable pump

This is a portable pump from the 1930's. It is powered by an Evenrude motor, a company better known for its outboard boat motors. 

 

Old Portable pump

Another view. This type of pump was used on a ground mount or mounted on a brush truck.

 

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